My dissertation examines the foreign policy of refugee protection. The refugee protection regime in major resettlement countries is characterized by delegation to existing bureaucratic actors, most of which are designed to be neither humanitarian nor foreign policy-oriented. These include judges, law enforcement officers, and municipal governments. Nonetheless, they are the primary conduit through which international humanitarian law and individual states’ foreign policy priorities interact with the individuals these rules are meant to protect. In the absence of explicitly international- and humanitarian-oriented agencies, domestic institutions are repurposed for conducting humanitarian foreign policy. My dissertation research seeks to understand 1) why executives delegate humanitarian foreign policy in this way, 2) when executives will recapture control of humanitarian foreign policy from the bureaucracy, and 3) the impact of this delegation on compliance with international norms and laws.